mai hien

Vietnam’s logistics costs equal to 17% of GDP

Friday, 07 December 2018 02:44

The average logistics costs of Vietnam are equivalent to some 16-17% of the nation's gross domestic product (GDP), according to the Vietnam Logistics Association (VLA).

Nguyen Tuong, senior consultant to the VLA, told the Saigon Times on the sidelines of the association’s annual conference, held in HCMC on November 17, that the issue of logistics costs is one of the main topics of the first VLA White Paper ever released.

He cited the finding of the VLA in August this year that high-value manufacturing sectors, such as automobiles, electronic components, steel and iron, have logistics costs that amount to less than 5% of their total costs.

Meanwhile, the figure for the sectors of consumer goods, ecommerce, supermarkets, garments and agricultural products ranges from 10% to 20%.

Among logistics costs, transport costs make up the highest proportion, at 60%-80%, followed by costs for loading and unloading and customs clearance procedures.

He concluded that Vietnam’s logistics costs accounted for 14.5%-19.2% of GDP last year. The current figure ranges from 16% to 17% on average.

“Logistics costs in Vietnam are higher than those of developed countries. For example, Singapore is at 8.5% and Thailand, at 15%,” he said.

The logistics sector last year registered growth of 12-14% from a year earlier, while its contributions to the 2017 GDP reached some 4-5%, according to the white paper.

The ratio of outsourcing, which refers to the practice of hiring other companies to conduct logistics, amounted to roughly 60-70%.

The VLA ranked Vietnam 39th out of 160 economies, putting it in second place among Southeast Asian countries on the logistics performance index.

The 2018 edition of the VLA White Paper is based on survey statistics from 156 firms across the country. The paper is expected to be published every two years.